AbstractMetta, G., Natale,L., Nori, F., Sandini, G., Vernon, D., Fadiga, L.,von Hofsten, C., Rosander, K., Lopes, M., Santos-Victor, J., Bernardino, A., & Montesano, L. (2010) The iCub Humanoid Robot: An Open-Systems Platform for Research in Cognitive Development. Neural Networks, 23, 1125-1134.
We describe a humanoid robot platform — the iCub — which was designed to support collaborative research in cognitive development through autonomous exploration and social interaction. The motivation for this effort is the conviction that significantly greater impact can be leveraged by adopting an open systems policy for software and hardware development. This creates the need for a robust humanoid robot that offers rich perceptuo-motor capabilities with many degrees of freedom, a cognitive capacity for learning and development, a software architecture that encourages reuse & easy integration, and a support infrastructure that fosters collaboration and sharing of resources. The iCub satisfies all of these needs in the guise of an open-system platform which is freely available and which has attracted a growing community of users and developers. To date, twenty iCubs each comprising approximately 5000 mechanical and electrical parts have been delivered to several research labs in Europe and to one in the USA.